Ghassan Salamé is professor of International Relations at Sciences-Po (Paris) and the founding Dean of its Paris School of International Affairs – PSIA. Born in 1951 in Lebanon, he studied Law, Humanities (PhD) and Political Science (PhD). He taught international relations at the American and Saint-Joseph universities in Beirut and at Paris I University. In 2000-2003 he was Lebanon’s Minister of Culture, in charge of national heritage and the arts, Chairman of the Committee and Spokesman for the Arab Summit (March 2002) and for the Francophone Summit (October 2002) in Beirut. Ghassan Salamé was Political Advisor to the UN Mission in Iraq (2003) and Senior Advisor to the United Nations Secretary-General (2003-2005 and again since August 2012). He is presently Vice-Chairman of the Board of the International Crisis Group (Brussels) and sits on the board of the Open Society Institute (New York), the Council of the International Institute for Strategic Studies and a few other not-for-profit organisations. He is the founding chairman of the Arab Fund for Arts and Culture (Beirut). He is the author of (inter alia) Quand l’Amérique refait le monde; Appels d’empire : ingérences et résistances à l’âge de la mondialisation; State and Society in the Arab Levant and editor (inter alia) of Democracy Without Democrats: Politics of Liberalization in the Arab and Muslim World; The Politics of Arab Integration and The Foundations of the Arab State. His essays have been published in Foreign Policy, Revue française de science politique, European Journal of International Affairs, The Middle East Journal and others. He was given the Phenix (Beirut), ADELFI (Paris) and Al-Idrissi (Rome, 2012) awards, and the Medaille of the Academie Francaise (2003), made Chevalier de la Legion d’honneur (France, 2004) and named ‘The Arab Cultural Personality of the Year’ (UAE, 2004).